What Are The Most Common Coronavirus Symptoms?

What Are The Most Common Coronavirus Symptoms?

  • This page was last updated at May 25, 2024.

The world has become quite a scary place nowadays. You open the newspaper or switch on the news channel -and everywhere you hear about the coronavirus. This microscopic, invisible enemy has infected millions and has caused widespread deaths around the world. 

What is coronavirus

Towards the end of 2019, a novel virus was making headlines around the world due to its speed. The outbreak first started in Wuhan, China. Within months it spread to the four corners of the world- to distant countries such as the US and Philipines. 

This pandemic COVID-19 is due to SARS-CoV-2, which triggers a respiratory tract infection. This virus may affect your upper respiratory tract or lower respiratory tract. It spreads through person to person contact, and the symptoms may either be mild or deadly. 

Coronaviruses are zoonotic-first they develop in animals before they develop in humans. If the virus has to pass from animals to humans, the person must be in close contact with the animals. After the virus develops in humans, it gets transferred from person to person through respiratory droplets when the person coughs or sneezes. 

The coronavirus material sits on the infected person's respiratory droplets and can get into the respiratory tract of another human near to him where the virus causes infection. Researchers believe that the 2019 coronavirus may have been passed from bats to other anima- pangolins or snakes and transmitted to humans.  

Most common symptoms of coronavirus

The medical world is learning new things about the virus every day. Initially, COVID-19 may not cause any symptoms for some people. The symptoms may start to show between 2 days to 2 weeks. 

Some common signs may include 

  • Fatigue
  • Low-grade fever that may gradually increase in temperate
  • Shortness of breath 
  • Mild cough that may get severe over time
  • Chills
  • Loss of smell or taste
  • Nausea 
  • Diarrhea 

Less common symptoms include 

  • Blue lips or face
  • Confusion
  • Trouble breathing
  • Excessive drowsiness
  • Persistent pressure or pain in your chest

This virus can lead to pneumonia, septic shock, respiratory failure, and even death. Many complications due to COVID-19 is caused by a condition known as cytokine release syndrome or a cytokine storm. This issue occurs when the coronavirus infection triggers your immune system to release inflammatory proteins called cytokines in your bloodstream. These inflammatory proteins can kill your tissue and damage your organs. 

Please get medical help immediately if you get the following symptoms.

  • Bluish lips or face
  • New confusion
  • Can't wake up fully
  • Chest pain or pressure

Some people who have COVID-19 has suffered from a stroke. So how do you recognize the symptoms of a stroke?

  • The person's one side of the face may become numb or drooping.
  • One arm may become weak or numb; if they raise both their hands, one hand may fall.
  • Their speech may slur.
  • Every second count if someone has a stoke. Hence call 911 right away.

Researchers in China say these are the most common symptoms of people suffering from COVID-19. 

  • Fatigue 70%
  • Fever 99%
  • Lack of appetite 40% 
  • Cough 59%
  • Shortness of breath 31%
  • Body aches 35%
  • Phlegm 27%

People who are hospitalized may have dangerous blood clots in their lungs, legs, and arteries.

Follow these steps if you think you have COVID-19

Stay home if you don't feel well.

If you live in an area or traveled where COVID is spreading, ensure you take these following measures.

Even if you have mild symptoms like cold and fever, stay in and don't venture out. This action protects health care workers you may meet along the way and allows doctors to focus on more severely affected patients. This is called as self-quarantine. Stay in a separate room away from family members in your home and use individual toilet facilities. 

If you have difficulty in breathing, call your doctor

Calling your doctor is better than showing up because the doctor can direct the correct place where testing is done. Follow your doctor's advice on the future course of action.

Risk factors of coronavirus

The infection is mostly mild in children and young adults. Your risk of disease is low if you haven't traveled to an area where COVID-19 is spreading, or you are not in the place where the pandemic is spreading or not in contact with an infected person.

People over 65 are at higher risk, including those in nursing homes and long term care facilities. Similarly, people who have weakened immune systems or suffer from the following conditions are at high risk. 

  • Heart disease
  • High blood pressure
  • Lung disease
  • Obesity 
  • Asthma
  • Kidney disease that needs dialysis
  • Diabetes
  • Liver disease
  • Cancer disease especially those undergoing chemotherapy
  • Cigarette smoking

Some teens and kids who suffer COVID-19 and are hospitalized suffer from a condition called as (PMIS) pediatric multisystem inflammatory syndrome. This condition causes symptoms similar to Kawasaki disease - a condition that causes inflammation in blood vessels and toxic shock. Doctors say that this condition is linked to the virus.

How to protect yourself from Coronavirus infection

Take the following necessary steps to protect yourself from COVID-19.

Wash your hands

Wash your hands with soap and water or use an alcohol-based sanitizer. This action kills all the viruses on your hands.

Maintain social distancing

Stay home as much as possible. You can order groceries or other necessities online or through the phone. In case if you have to go out, stay at least 6 feet away from others. 

Wear a mask when you go out

Use a face mask to cover your face and maintain a 6 feet distance from others. Avoid face masks meant for health care workers as they are overkill and better used by these workers than the public. While the best face mask for the public is the KN95 GB2626, a 3-ply surgical mask is also acceptable.

Never put a facemask on children who are under two years old, those who are unconscious or have trouble moving on their own, and those who have difficulty breathing. The best option for them is to stay at home.

Avoid touching your face

Coronaviruses can live on surfaces for many hours, so avoid touching your face. If these viruses come in contact with your hands, and unknowingly you touch your face, they may enter your body through nose, mouth, or eyes. 

Disinfect surfaces

Clean and disinfect surfaces you often touch like doorknobs, switches, tablets, laptops, cell phones, toilets, sinks, and faucets. Wear gloves when you clean surfaces and throw them away once used. A simple alcohol-based liquid hand sanitizer can do the trick.

Take care of yourself and your loved ones

Stay at home, avoid going out unnecessarily, practice hand washing, use a hand sanitizer, disinfect all the surfaces, wear a mask, and practice social distancing. Though the seas may be rough now, we'll surely reach the other side of the shore.